How to use .NET Aspire with ABP framework

.NET Aspire is an opinionated, cloud-ready stack designed for building observable, production-ready, and distributed applications. On the other hand, the ABP framework offers a complete, modular and layered software architecture based on Domain Driven Design principles and patterns. This guide explores how to combine .NET Aspire with ABP, enabling developers to create observable, and feature-rich applications.

When to Use .NET Aspire?

Using .NET Aspire with the ABP framework can be beneficial in various scenarios where you need to combine the strengths of both technologies. Here are some situations when using .NET Aspire with ABP can be advantageous:

  • Enterprise Web Applications: ABP is well-suited for building enterprise web applications with its opinionated architecture and best practices. When combined with .NET Aspire, you can leverage ABP's features for rapid development of user interfaces, backend services, and business logic while benefiting from .NET Aspire's cloud-native capabilities and observability features.
  • Observability and Monitoring: .NET Aspire's emphasis on observability, including logging, monitoring, and tracing, can enhance ABP applications by providing deeper insights into system behavior, performance metrics, and diagnostics, which is key for maintaining and optimizing enterprise-grade applications.

Creating a new ABP Solution

To demonstrate the usage of .NET Aspire with the ABP framework, I've created an ABP solution. If you want to create the same solution from scratch, follow the steps below:

Install the ABP CLI if you haven't installed it before:

dotnet tool install -g Volo.Abp.Cli

Create a new solution with the ABP framework's Application Startup Template with Tiered MVC UI and EF Core database:

abp new AspirationalAbp -u mvc --database-provider ef -dbms PostgreSQL --csf --tiered

The startup template selection matters for this article. I chose these options so that the demo solution can cover complex scenarios.

Disclaimer-I: This article is based on version 8.0.1 of .NET Aspire and version 8.2.0 of ABP Framework.

Disclaimer-II: ABP and .NET Aspire may not be fully compatible in some respects. This article aims to explain how these two technologies can be used together in the simplest way possible, even if they are not fully compatible.

Add .NET Aspire

After creating the solution, run the following commands in the src folder of your solution to add .NET Aspire:

// Adding AppHost
dotnet new aspire-apphost -n AspirationalAbp.AppHost
dotnet sln ../AspirationalAbp.sln add ./AspirationalAbp.AppHost/AspirationalAbp.AppHost.csproj

// Adding ServiceDefaults
dotnet new aspire-servicedefaults -n AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults
dotnet sln ../AspirationalAbp.sln add ./AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults/AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults.csproj

These commands add two new projects to the solution:

  • AspirationalAbp.AppHost: An orchestrator project designed to connect and configure the different projects and services of your app.
  • AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults: A .NET Aspire shared project to manage configurations that are reused across the projects in your solution related to resilienceservice discovery, and telemetry.

We have added .NET Aspire to our ABP based solution, but we have not registered our projects in the .NET Aspire orchestration. Now, let's enroll our projects, which implement the db migrator, web user interface, API, and auth, in .NET Aspire orchestration.

Registering projects to .NET Aspire orchestration

First of all, we need to add the reference of related projects to the AspirationalAbp.AppHost project. For this, add the following ItemGroups to the AspirationalAbp.AppHost/AspirationalAbp.AppHost.csproj file:

<ItemGroup>  
  <ProjectReference Include="..\AspirationalAbp.AuthServer\AspirationalAbp.AuthServer.csproj" />  
  <ProjectReference Include="..\AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host\AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host.csproj" />  
  <ProjectReference Include="..\AspirationalAbp.Web\AspirationalAbp.Web.csproj"/>  
  <ProjectReference Include="..\AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator\AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator.csproj" />  
</ItemGroup>  
  
<ItemGroup>  
  <PackageReference Include="Aspire.Hosting.PostgreSQL" Version="8.0.1" />  
  <PackageReference Include="Aspire.Hosting.Redis" Version="8.0.1" />  
</ItemGroup>

With the first ItemGroup, we added the references of AuthServer, HttpApi.Host, Web, and DbMigrator projects to the app host project. So, we can orchestrate them within the app model.

With the second ItemGroup, to model the PostgreSQL server resource and Redis resource in the app host, installed the Aspire.Hosting.PostgreSQL and Aspire.Hosting.Redis

Now let's update the Program class of the AspirationalAbp.AppHost project as follows:

using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;  
  
var builder = DistributedApplication.CreateBuilder(args);  
  
var postgres = builder  
    .AddPostgres("postgres")  
    .AddDatabase("AspirationalAbp");  
  
var redis = builder.AddRedis("redis");  
  
// DbMigrator  
if (builder.Environment.IsDevelopment())  
{  
    builder  
        .AddProject<Projects.AspirationalAbp_DbMigrator>("dbMigrator")  
        .WithReference(postgres, "Default")  
        .WithReference(redis, "Redis")   
        .WithReplicas(1);
}  
  
// AuthServer  
var authServerLaunchProfile = "AspirationalAbp.AuthServer";  
builder  
    .AddProject<Projects.AspirationalAbp_AuthServer>("authserver", launchProfileName: authServerLaunchProfile)  
    .WithExternalHttpEndpoints()  
    .WithReference(postgres, "Default")  
    .WithReference(redis);  
  
// HttpApi.Host  
var httpApiHostLaunchProfile = "AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host";  
builder  
    .AddProject<Projects.AspirationalAbp_HttpApi_Host>("httpapihost", launchProfileName: httpApiHostLaunchProfile)  
    .WithExternalHttpEndpoints()
    .WithReference(postgres, "Default")  
    .WithReference(redis);  
  
// Web  
builder  
    .AddProject<Projects.AspirationalAbp_Web>("web", "AspirationalAbp.Web")  
    .WithReference(redis);  
  
builder.Build().Run();

With the code above, the following operations were performed below:

  1. Creates an IDistributedApplicationBuilder instance by calling DistributedApplication.CreateBuilder(args).
  2. Adds PostgreSQL and the AspirationalAbp database.
  3. Adds Redis.
  4. Adds the DbMigrator project with references to PostgreSQL and Redis, ensuring one replica in development.
  5. Adds the AuthServer project with external HTTP endpoints, referencing PostgreSQL and Redis.
  6. Adds the HttpApi.Host project with external HTTP endpoints, referencing PostgreSQL and Redis.
  7. Adds the Web project, referencing Redis.
  8. Builds and runs the application.

Now let's make the projects we added to the app host compatible with .NET Aspire.

Configuring Projects for Aspire

To make the AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator, AspirationalAbp.AuthServer, AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host, and AspirationalAbp.Web projects compatible with .NET Aspire, we need to add and configure several packages. For that, we need to add the Aspire.StackExchange.Redis package to all these projects and the Aspire.Npgsql.EntityFrameworkCore.PostgreSQL package to the AspirationalAbp.EntityFrameworkCore project. Additionally, we will add the AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults reference to host projects except AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator. Also, we need to convert Serilog events into OpenTelemetry LogRecords, for that we will add a Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry reference to host projects. Let's begin with configuring AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator.

AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator

First, let's add the Aspire.StackExchange.Redis, and Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry packages to the AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator project. For this, let's run the following .NET CLI command inside the AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator project:

dotnet add package Aspire.StackExchange.Redis --version 8.0.1
dotnet add package Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry --version 4.0.0-dev-00313

Then let's override the PreConfigureServices method in AspirationalAbpDbMigratorModule as below:

public override void PreConfigureServices(ServiceConfigurationContext context)  
{  
    var configuration = context.Services.GetConfiguration();  
    configuration["Redis:Configuration"] = configuration["ConnectionStrings:Redis"];  
}

To use the OpenTelemetry sink we have installed the Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry package and now let's enable the sink. For this, let's write the following code block just before calling the CreateLogger method in the logger configuration in Program.cs:

/// .WriteTo.Async(c => c.Console())  
.WriteTo.Async(c => c.OpenTelemetry())  
/// .CreateLogger();

Now let's continue with AspirationalAbp.EntityFrameworkCore.

AspirationalAbp.EntityFrameworkCore

Now let's add the Aspire.Npgsql.EntityFrameworkCore.PostgreSQL package to the AspirationalAbp.EntityFrameworkCore project. For this, you can run the following command in the AspirationalAbp.EntityFrameworkCore project:

dotnet add package Aspire.Npgsql.EntityFrameworkCore.PostgreSQL --version 8.0.1

Now let's continue with AspirationalAbp.AuthServer.

AspirationalAbp.AuthServer

First, let's add the Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry, Aspire.StackExchange.Redis and AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults packages to the AspirationalAbp.AuthServer project. For this, let's run the following .NET CLI command inside the AspirationalAbp.AuthServer project:

dotnet add package Aspire.StackExchange.Redis --version 8.0.1
dotnet add reference ../AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults/AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults.csproj
dotnet add package Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry --version 4.0.0-dev-00313

Then add the following code block after defining the builder variable in Program.cs:

builder.AddServiceDefaults();  
builder.AddRedisClient("redis");  
builder.AddNpgsqlDbContext<AspirationalAbpDbContext>("Default",  
    options =>  
    {  
        options.DisableRetry = true;  
    });

Then add the following code to the PreConfigureServices method in the AspirationalAbpAuthServerModule class:

configuration["Redis:Configuration"] = configuration["ConnectionStrings:Redis"];

To use the OpenTelemetry sink we have installed the Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry package and now let's enable the sink. For this, let's write the following code block just before calling the CreateLogger method in logger configuration in Program.cs:

/// .WriteTo.Async(c => c.Console())  
.WriteTo.Async(c => c.OpenTelemetry())  
/// .CreateLogger();

So far we have made AspirationalAbp.DbMigrator, AspirationalAbp.EntityFrameworkCore, and AspirationalAbp.AuthServer compatible with .NET Aspire. Now let's continue with AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host.

AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host

First, let's add the Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry, Aspire.StackExchange.Redis and AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults packages to the AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host project. For this, let's run the following .NET CLI command inside the AspirationalAbp.HttpApi.Host project:

dotnet add package Aspire.StackExchange.Redis --version 8.0.1
dotnet add reference ../AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults/AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults.csproj
dotnet add package Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry --version 4.0.0-dev-00313

Then add the following code block after defining the builder variable in Program.cs:

builder.AddServiceDefaults();  
builder.AddRedisClient("redis");  
builder.AddNpgsqlDbContext<AspirationalAbpDbContext>("Default",  
    options =>  
    {  
        options.DisableRetry = true;  
    });

Then let's override the PreConfigureServices method in AspirationalAbpHttpApiHostModule as below:

public override void PreConfigureServices(ServiceConfigurationContext context)  
{  
    var configuration = context.Services.GetConfiguration();  
    configuration["Redis:Configuration"] = configuration["ConnectionStrings:Redis"];  
}

To use the OpenTelemetry sink we have installed the Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry package and now let's enable the sink. For this, let's write the following code block just before calling the CreateLogger method in the logger configuration in Program.cs:

/// .WriteTo.Async(c => c.Console())  
.WriteTo.Async(c => c.OpenTelemetry())  
/// .CreateLogger();

Finally, let's make AspirationalAbp.Web compatible with .NET Aspire.

AspirationalAbp.Web

First, let's add the Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry, Aspire.StackExchange.Redis and AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults packages to the AspirationalAbp.Web project. For this, let's run the following .NET CLI command inside the AspirationalAbp.Web project:

dotnet add package Aspire.StackExchange.Redis --version 8.0.1
dotnet add reference ../AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults/AspirationalAbp.ServiceDefaults.csproj
dotnet add package Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry --version 4.0.0-dev-00313

Then add the following code block after defining the builder variable in Program.cs:

builder.AddServiceDefaults();  
builder.AddRedisClient("redis");

Then add the following code to the PreConfigureServices method in the AspirationalAbpWebModule class:

var configuration = context.Services.GetConfiguration();  
configuration["Redis:Configuration"] = configuration["ConnectionStrings:Redis"];

To use the OpenTelemetry sink we have installed the Serilog.Sinks.OpenTelemetry package and now let's enable the sink. For this, let's write the following code block just before calling the CreateLogger method in logger configuration in Program.cs:

/// .WriteTo.Async(c => c.Console())  
.WriteTo.Async(c => c.OpenTelemetry())  
/// .CreateLogger();

After making all our changes, we can run the AspirationalAbp.AppHost project.

aspire-dashboard

aspire-structured-logs

aspire-traces

aspire-metrics

Conclusion

Combining .NET Aspire with the ABP framework creates a powerful setup for building robust, observable, and feature-rich applications. By integrating Aspire's observability and cloud capabilities with ABP's approach of focusing on your business without repeating yourself, you can develop feature-rich, scalable applications with enhanced monitoring and seamless cloud integration. This guide provides a clear path to set up and configure these technologies, ensuring your applications are well-structured, maintainable, and ready for modern cloud environments.

aspire
Serdar Genc 3 weeks ago

ooo beklediğim blog yazısı gelmiş. teşekkürler Berkan

Serdar Genc 3 weeks ago

github linki var mı ?

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