Setup Facebook Registration and Email Confirmation on User Registration

Introduction

In this article, I will show you first how to set up Facebook registration in an ABP Framework application. Thereafter howto get a user who registered with Facebook verified by email.

The sample application has been developed with Blazor as UI framework and SQL Server as database provider.

The best way to follow along, is to start from scratch and start with the article Setup Email Confirmation on User Registration as it serves as the base for this article. Alternatively, you can clone the repository of the project.

git clone https://github.com/bartvanhoey/AbpUserVerificationByEmail.git

Source Code

The source code of the completed application is available on GitHub.

Requirements

The following tools are needed to be able to run the solution.

  • .NET 5.0 SDK
  • VsCode, Visual Studio 2019 16.8.0+ or another compatible IDE

You also need a Gmail account to follow along.

Set up Facebook registration

Create the app in FACEBOOK for Developers

  • Navigate to FACEBOOK for Developers and sign in.
  • Click on the Create App button.
  • Choose Build Connected Experiences in the Create an App window. Continue.
  • Fill in App Display Name and click on the Create App button.
  • In the Add Products to Your App section, find Facebook Login and click Set Up.
  • Goto the Facebook Login Settings and update the settings as in the image below.
  • Replace the port number with the port number on which the SwaggerUI gets served. You can also find it in file launchsettings.json of the AbpFacebookRegistration.HttpApi.Host project.
  • Copy App ID and App Secret in the Basic Settings windows.

Facebook Login Settings

Add the Facebook NuGet Package to HttpApi.Host project

  • Open a command prompt in the HttpApi.Host project and run the command below:
dotnet add package Microsoft.AspNetCore.Authentication.Facebook

Add an Authentication section to the appsettings.json file of the HttpApi.Host project

WARNING: Make sure you don't publish your Credentials to GitHub or another Versioning System.

 "Authentication": {
    "Facebook": {
      "AppId" : "YourAppIdHere",
      "AppSecret": "YourAppSecretHere"
    }

Configure the Provider in the HttpApiHostModule of the HttpApi.Host

Add the AddFacebook extension method to the ConfigureAuthentication method in the HttpApiHostModule of the HttpApi.Host

    private void ConfigureAuthentication(ServiceConfigurationContext context, IConfiguration configuration)
    {
      //...  

      context.Services.AddAuthentication()
            .AddFacebook(facebook =>
            {
                facebook.AppId = configuration["Authentication:Facebook:AppId"];
                facebook.AppSecret = configuration["Authentication:Facebook:AppSecret"];
                facebook.Scope.Add("email");
                facebook.Scope.Add("public_profile");
            });
    }

Open & Run the Application

  • Run the AbpFacebookRegistration.DbMigrator application to apply the migrations and seed the initial data.
  • Run the AbpFacebookRegistration.HttpApi.Host application to start the server side.
  • Run the AbpFacebookRegistration.Blazor application to start the Blazor UI project.

When you navigate to the login page of your application, you already see the Facebook button. DO NOT CLICK THE FACEBOOK BUTTON YET! Although Facebook Registration ALREADY works, I would like to show you the Email Confirmation part too. 😃

Login page with Facebook button

Gmail Credentials

Setting up Google SMTP Server in appsettings.json

  • Open file EncryptGmailPasswordAppService.cs in the AbpFacebookRegistration.Application project and replace YourGmailPasswordHere with your Gmail password.

  • Run the AbpFacebookRegistration.HttpApi.Host project and navigate to the SwaggerUI.

  • Find the EncryptGmailPassword method and click on Try it out first, Execute after.

Encrypt Gmail Password

  • Copy the encrypted Gmail password in the response body.

  • Open file appsettings.json in project HttpApi.Host and update the Smtp Settings with the correct values.

"Settings": {
    "Abp.Mailing.Smtp.Host": "smtp.gmail.com",
    "Abp.Mailing.Smtp.Port": "587",
    "Abp.Mailing.Smtp.UserName": "your-gmail-email-address-here",
    "Abp.Mailing.Smtp.Password": "your-encrypted-gmail-password-here",
    "Abp.Mailing.Smtp.Domain": "",
    "Abp.Mailing.Smtp.EnableSsl": "true",
    "Abp.Mailing.Smtp.UseDefaultCredentials": "false",
    "Abp.Mailing.DefaultFromAddress": "your-gmail-email-address-here",
    "Abp.Mailing.DefaultFromDisplayName": "Your-Custom-Text-Here"
  }

Pages/Account folder of the HttpApi.Host project

In the Pages/Account folder you find the files needed for the Email Confirmation after User Registration. I copied/pasted these files from the Account Module of the ABP Framework and adapted them to my needs. By doing so, you override the original files of the Account Module and you can hook in into the registration flow.

The heavy-lifting happens mainly in the RegisterModel file. When an unregistered user clicks on the Facebook button to login, the OnPostAsync method gets executed. The RegisterExternalUserAsync method to create the user is called next. At the end of the RegisterExternalUserAsync method an email is sent by the SendEmailToAskForEmailConfirmationAsync method.

Test the Facebook Registration flow and User Email Verification

  • Start both the Blazor and HttpApi.Host project to run the application.
  • Navigate to the Login page and click on the Facebook button.
  • You will see a Facebook screen that says your app will receive name, profile picture and email address.
  • Next you will land on the My Customer Register Page.

Custom Register Page

  • Click on the Register button to complete the Facebook registration (Email is sent in this step).
  • Goto your email inbox and click on the clicking here link to confirm your account.
  • Navigate to the Login page and click on the Facebook button.

Et voilà! This is the result. The user's email address is successfully verified!

User verified by email

You can now force a user who registered with Facebook to confirm his email address before he can use your application.

Click on the links to find more about Sending Emails and the Account Module

Get the source code on GitHub.

Enjoy and have fun!

JobTitle

ABP Framework Developer

Registration Date
9/18/2020