cotur


610


Contribute


7/21/2020

File Upload/Download with BLOB Storage System in ASP.NET Core & ABP Framework

Introduction

This step-by-step article describes how to upload a file to a Web server and also download by client with using ASP.NET Core & ABP Framework. By following this article, you will create a web project and its related code to upload and download files.

Before the creating application, we need to know some fundamentals.

BLOB Storing

It is typical to store file contents in an application and read these file contents on need. Not only files, but you may also need to save various types of large binary objects, a.k.a. BLOBs, into a storage. For example, you may want to save user profile pictures.

A BLOB is a typically byte array. There are various places to store a BLOB item; storing in the local file system, in a shared database or on the Azure BLOB storage can be options.

The ABP Framework provides an abstraction to work with BLOBs and provides some pre-built storage providers that you can easily integrate to. Having such an abstraction has some benefits;

  • You can easily integrate to your favorite BLOB storage provides with a few lines of configuration.
  • You can then easily change your BLOB storage without changing your application code.
  • If you want to create reusable application modules, you don't need to make assumption about how the BLOBs are stored.

ABP BLOB Storage system is also compatible to other ABP Framework features like multi-tenancy.

To get more information about ABP BLOB Storing system, please check this documentation.

Preparing the Project

Startup template and the initial run

Abp Framework offers startup templates to get into the business faster. We can download a new startup template using Abp CLI:

abp new FileActionsDemo -m none

After the download is finished, we run FileActionsDemo.DbMigrator project to create the database and seed initial data (admin user, role, etc). Then we run FileActionsDemo.Web to see our application working.

Default admin username is admin and password is 1q2w3E*

initial-project

Adding Blob Storing Module

For this article, we use Blob Storing Database Provider.

You can use Azure or File System providers also.

Open a command prompt (terminal) in the folder containing your solution (.sln) file and run the following command:

abp add-module Volo.Abp.BlobStoring.Database

This action will add the module depencies and also module migration. After this action, run FileActionsDemo.DbMigrator to update the database.

Setting up Blob Storaging

BLOB Strorage system works with Containers. Before the using blob storage, we need to create our blob container.

Create a class that name MyFileContainer at the FileActionsDemo.Domain project.

using Volo.Abp.BlobStoring;

namespace FileActionsDemo
{
    [BlobContainerName("my-file-container")]
    public class MyFileContainer
    {

    }
}

That's all, we can start to use BLOB storing in our application.

Creating Application Layer

Before the creating Application Service, we need to create some DTOs that used by Application Service.

Create following DTOs in FileActionsDemo.Application.Contracts project.

  • BlobDto.cs

    namespace FileActionsDemo
    {
        public class BlobDto
        {
            public byte[] Content { get; set; }
    
            public string Name { get; set; }
        }
    }
    
  • GetBlobRequestDto.cs

    using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
    
    namespace FileActionsDemo
    {
        public class GetBlobRequestDto
        {
            [Required]
            public string Name { get; set; }
        }
    }
    
  • SaveBlobInputDto.cs

    using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
    
    namespace FileActionsDemo
    {
        public class SaveBlobInputDto
        {
            public byte[] Content { get; set; }
    
            [Required]
            public string Name { get; set; }
        }
    }
    

Create IFileAppService.cs interface at the same place with DTOs.

  • IFileAppService

    using System.Threading.Tasks;
    using Volo.Abp.Application.Services;
    
    namespace FileActionsDemo
    {
        public interface IFileAppService : IApplicationService
        {
            Task SaveBlobAsync(SaveBlobInputDto input);
    
            Task<BlobDto> GetBlobAsync(GetBlobRequestDto input);
        }
    }
    

After creating DTOs and interface, FileActionsDemo.Application.Contracts project should be like as following image.

application-contracts-project

Then we can create our Application Service.

Create FileAppService.cs in FileActionsDemo.Application project.

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Services;
using Volo.Abp.BlobStoring;

namespace FileActionsDemo
{
    public class FileAppService : ApplicationService, IFileAppService
    {
        private readonly IBlobContainer<MyFileContainer> _fileContainer;

        public FileAppService(IBlobContainer<MyFileContainer> fileContainer)
        {
            _fileContainer = fileContainer;
        }

        public async Task SaveBlobAsync(SaveBlobInputDto input)
        {
            await _fileContainer.SaveAsync(input.Name, input.Content, true);
        }

        public async Task<BlobDto> GetBlobAsync(GetBlobRequestDto input)
        {
            var blob = await _fileContainer.GetAllBytesAsync(input.Name);

            return new BlobDto
            {
                Name = input.Name,
                Content = blob
            };
        }
    }
}

As you see in previous code block, we inject IBlobContainer<MyFileContainer> to our app service. It will handle all blob actions for us.

  • SaveBlobAsync method uses SaveAsync of IBlobContainer<MyFileContainer> to save the given blob to storage, this is a simple example so we don't check is there any file exist with same name. We sent blob name, blob content and true for overrideExisting parameter.

  • GetBlobAsync method is uses GetAllBytesAsync of IBlobContainer<MyFileContainer> to get blob content by name.

We finished the application layer for this project. After that we will create a Controller for API and Razor Page for UI.

Creating Controller

Create FileController.cs in your FileActionsDemo.HttpApi project.

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc;

namespace FileActionsDemo
{
    public class FileController : AbpController
    {
        private readonly IFileAppService _fileAppService;

        public FileController(IFileAppService fileAppService)
        {
            _fileAppService = fileAppService;
        }

        [HttpGet]
        [Route("download/{fileName}")]
        public async Task<IActionResult> DownloadAsync(string fileName)
        {
            var fileDto = await _fileAppService.GetBlobAsync(new GetBlobRequestDto{ Name = fileName });

            return File(fileDto.Content, "application/octet-stream", fileDto.Name);
        }
    }
}

As you see, FileController injects IFileAppService that we defined before. This controller has only one endpoint.

DownloadAsync is using to send file from server to client.

This endpoint is requires only a string parameter, then we use that parameter to get stored blob. If blob is exist, we return a File result so download process can start.

Creating User Interface

We will create only one page to prove download and upload actions are working.

Create folder that name Files in your Pages folder at FileActionsDemo.Web project.

Create a Razor page that name Index with its model.

  • Index.cshtml.cs
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
using System.IO;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.RazorPages;

namespace FileActionsDemo.Web.Pages.Files
{
    public class Index : AbpPageModel
    {
        [BindProperty]
        public UploadFileDto UploadFileDto { get; set; }

        private readonly IFileAppService _fileAppService;

        public bool Uploaded { get; set; } = false;

        public Index(IFileAppService fileAppService)
        {
            _fileAppService = fileAppService;
        }

        public void OnGet()
        {

        }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
        {
            using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
            {
                await UploadFileDto.File.CopyToAsync(memoryStream);

                await _fileAppService.SaveBlobAsync(
                    new SaveBlobInputDto
                    {
                        Name = UploadFileDto.Name,
                        Content = memoryStream.ToArray()
                    }
                );
            }

            return Page();
        }
    }

    public class UploadFileDto
    {
        [Required]
        [Display(Name = "File")]
        public IFormFile File { get; set; }

        [Required]
        [Display(Name = "Filename")]
        public string Name { get; set; }
    }
}

As you see, we use UploadFileDto as a BindProperty and we inject IFileAppService to upload files.

The UploadFileDto is requires a string parameter for using as a blob name and a IFormFile that sent by user.

At the post action (OnPostAsync), if everything is well, we use MemoryStream to get all bytes from file content.

Then we save file with SaveBlobAsync method of IFileAppService.

  • Index.cshtml
@page
@model FileActionsDemo.Web.Pages.Files.Index

@section scripts{
    <abp-script src="/Pages/Files/index.js" />
}

<abp-card>
    <abp-card-header>
        <h3>File Upload and Download</h3>
    </abp-card-header>
    <abp-card-body>
        <abp-row>
            <abp-column>
                <h3>Upload File</h3>
                <hr />
                <form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
                    <abp-input asp-for="UploadFileDto.Name"></abp-input>

                    <abp-input asp-for="UploadFileDto.File"></abp-input>

                    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-info" />
                </form>
            </abp-column>

            <abp-column style="border-left: 1px dotted gray">
                <h3>Download File</h3>
                <hr />
                <form id="DownloadFile">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="fileName">Filename</label><span> * </span>
                        <input type="text" id="fileName" name="fileName" class="form-control ">
                    </div>

                    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-info"/>
                </form>
            </abp-column>
        </abp-row>
    </abp-card-body>
</abp-card>

We divided the page vertically, left side will be using for upload and right side will be using for download. We use ABP Tag Helpers to create page.

  • index.js
$(function () {
  var DOWNLOAD_ENDPOINT = "/download";

  var downloadForm = $("form#DownloadFile");

  downloadForm.submit(function (event) {
    event.preventDefault();

    var fileName = $("#fileName").val().trim();

    var downloadWindow = window.open(
      DOWNLOAD_ENDPOINT + "/" + fileName,
      "_blank"
    );
    downloadWindow.focus();
  });

  $("#UploadFileDto_File").change(function () {
    var fileName = $(this)[0].files[0].name;

    $("#UploadFileDto_Name").val(fileName);
  });
});

This jQuery codes are using for download. Also we wrote a simple code to autofill Filename input when user selects a file.

After creating razor page and js file, FileActionsDemo.Web project should be like as following image.

web-project

Result

After completing code tutorial, run FileActionsDemo.Web project and go /Files. You can upload any file with any name and also download those uploaded files.

file-up

Author

cotur

Company

Volosoft

JobTitle

Software Engineer

Registration Date
2/7/2020